Global crises create unique challenges for US immigration policymakers

America remains the most popular destination for international migrants, according to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs

For generations, people have migrated to the US in search of a better life and more opportunities. Some don’t have the sufficient resources needed to live in their home countries. Others leave because of crime, delinquency, war or political turmoil.

Recent world events have brought new waves of migrants to America. Haiti has recently suffered political and natural disasters. The assasination of  President Jovenel Moise was in July, and an August earthquake left more than two thousand people dead. 

Afghanistan has suffered from the various political upheaval, most recently when the US withdraw its military forces and the Taliban returned to power. 

”This is not a civil war, but a war of criminalized and terrorist networks fought on the backs of Afghans,” said Ghulan Isaczai, the United Nation’s ambassador of Afghanistan in an August speech. 

In Mexico and throughout Central America, people continue to leave their countries in search of a better life in the US. 

Some of the more than 50 million immigrants living in the US relocated to Durham, and their kids attend Riverside. 

These and other reasons inspire families to leave their countries in order to live in a safe environment. 

Migrants from Haiti recently started immigrating to the US a few weeks ago. President Joe Biden just recently opened the US border with Mexico following an extended closure due to COVID-19. 

”I do not want to return to my country as it is very corrupt,.” said Mariza, a migrant who was recently stopped at the southern US border, in an interview with Medicins Sans Frontiers. 

Honduras atravessa um prolongado período de seca e uma consequente crise no suprimento de água à população. Na foto, moradores de El Chimbo, contra um empreendimento imobiliário que pode comprometer ainda mais a situação (Foto: Orlando Sierra/AFP)
Years of violence and unrest in Honduras has led families to migrate to the US.
Source: Orlando Sierra/AFP

US Border Patrol agents caught Mariza and her husband sent them back to Mexico. Paid guides, commonly known as “coyotes” asked them for money which they refused to give. 

According to the International Organization for Migration, 149 people died in 2020 while trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border. 

NBC News reported that so far this year, 100 migrants have become victims due to the trauma they sustain in order to reach their destination.  Many parents bring their kids along, according to news reporters Rebecca Shabad and Julia Ainsley. 

”Some migrant families are choosing to send their children to the southern border alone because they see it as the best chance for remaining in the U.S,” they wrote in a March 2021 story .  

CBS news published an exclusive look on how immigrants are in asylums and many still trying to enter the US border by several locations. Many still remain in Mexico waiting to receive help to get shelter.  

“During his first 100 days as president, Biden halted border wall construction and ended some Trump era policies, including broad restrictions on green cards,” CBS reporter Camilo Montoya said in a newscast. “However, Biden has kept several of his predecessor’s immigration changes, including a historic low cap on refugees and limits on asylum at the U.S Mexico border.”

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